The diary of elizabeth lee: growing up on merseyside in the late nineteenth

     

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Ôn thi xuất sắc nghiệp và đại học 2011 nai lưng Đình Thân REVISION 1: THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES (SỰ PHỐI HỢP CÁC THÌ)Main Clause Adverbial Clause of Time Meaning ExamplesS + V(simple present) S + V(simple present) Hành động thông thường theo kiến thức We always take our umbrellas with us when it rainsS + V (present continuous) nhấn mạnh vấn đề tính liên tục của hành động theo thói quenI usually read the newspaper while I am waiting for the busS + V(present perfect) nhấn mạnh sự hoàn toàn của hành vi He never goes home before he has finished his workS + V(simple future) S + V(present perfect) nhấn mạnh sự hoàn chỉnh We will go as soon as you have finised your workS + V(simple present) Thì bây giờ đơn có nghĩa tương lai We will go when you finish your workS + V (future perfect) S + V(simple present) nhấn mạnh vấn đề sự hoàn toàn của 1 hành động ở tương laiWe’ll have already finished that work when you get back.S + V(simple past) S +V(simple past) hành động theo thói quenĐộng trường đoản cú trạng thái, hành động ngắnI seat near the window whenever I took a busWhen I saw him, I fell off the wallS + V(past continuous) Hai hành động xảy ra cùng 1 lúc, 1 hành vi ngắn, ko liên tụcI met him while I was walking down the street ( thông thường có cùng chủ từ)S + V(past perfect) nhấn mạnh tính trước sau He let after/when/ as soon as he had finished his workS + V (past continuous) S +V(simple past) 1 hành vi đang xẩy ra thì bị 1 hành động khác xen vàoIt was raining hard when I got thereS + V(past continuous) Hai hành động xảy ra thuộc 1 thời gian I was watching TV while my father was readingS + V (past perfect) S +V(simple past) nhấn mạnh vấn đề tính trước sau The train had already left when/before / by the time I arrived thereS + V(present perfect) S + V(simple past) 1 hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ cùng vẫncòn tiếp tục ở hiện tại tạiShe has played the piano since she was a child S + V(present perfect) I have left much better since I have been here (bây giờ vẫn còn ở
đây)*Lưu ý: - Không được dùng thì tương lai trong mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian tương lai- Liên từ hay sử dụng trong mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian: when, while, as, as soon as, by the time, before, after, as long as(khi nào mà), until, whenever, since, just as, till, no sooner …………… than, hardly/scarely/ barely ………….when(vừa mới … thì)S + HAD + no sooner + V3/V-ed + … + than + S2 + V2/V-ed(Cấu trúc này thường dùng đảo ngữ)- S+ SUGGEST/PROPOSAL/PROPOSE + that + S + V (bare inf)/ should + V(bare inf)It is/was + essential…………………………….*Cách làm bài bác tập BIẾN ĐỔI CÂU (transformation) đối với THÌ (tense)Dạng 1: Ex: The last time I met him was 3 years ago (= I last met him 3 years ago = It is/has been 3 years since I last met him)I have ……………………………………………………………………  I have not met him for 3 yearsThe last time I met him was in 2007(= I last met him in 2007) I have ………………………………………………………………… I have not met him since 2007Dạng 2: Ex: I started/ begin working here in 2003 I started/ begin working here 2 months agoI have (worked/ been working here for 2 months I have (worked/ been working here since 2003Dạng 3: Ex: This is the first time I have eaten the Chinese food I have never/ not eaten the Chinese food before Exercise Choose the best answer:Ôn thi tốt nghiệp và đại học 2011 trằn Đình Thân 1. _______, I will give him the report. A. When he will return b. When he returns c. Until he will return d. No sooner he returns2. _______ the firemen arrived lớn help, we had already put out the fire.a. Until b. No sooner c. By the time d. After3. I have earned my own living _______ I was seven.a. Since b. When c. While d. As soon as4. We saw many beautiful birds _______ in the lake.a when we are fishing b. While fishing c. While fished d. Fishing5. _______, Peter came to see me.a. While having dinner b. While I was having dinner c. When having dinner d. When lam having dinner6. _______ my homework, I went lớn bed. A. After I had finished b. After


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finished c. Finished d. After had finished7. _______ the dance, Jerry said good-bye to his girlfriend.a. Before left b. Before he leaves c. Before leaving d. Before he will leave8. Jones _______ after everyone _______.a. Speaks / will eat b. Will speak / has eatenc. Is speaking / eats d. Has spoken / will have eaten9. _______, Joe stays in bed và reads magazines.a. Whenever raining b. As it will be rainingc. When it will rain d. Whenever it rains1. I am going to speak with the monster when the meeting _______.a. Will end b. Ends c. Is ending d. Would end2. _______ Peter gets here, we will congratulate him.a. As soon as b. After c. No sooner d. Since3. _______ I visit him, we talk about politics a lot.a. Up to b. As far as c. Whenever d. Until4. While she _______ breakfast, I set the table.a. Will make b. Was making c. Has made d. Would be making5. After Mariana _______ her exam, I _______ her out to lớn eat.a. Was finishing / would take b. Finished / had takenc. Will finish / have taken d. Has finished / will take6. Mrs. Pike _______ the door before the customers arrived.a. Had opened b. Will mở cửa c. Would open d. Has opened7. She went on crying, with her head sunk into a pillow, và cried & cried _______ the pillow was wet through. A. Before b. After c. Until d. While8. _______ in Rome than he was kidnapped.a. No sooner he arrived b. Had he no sooner arrivedc. No sooner had he arrived d. No sooner he had arrived9. I have not seen my dog _______ the storm struck the community.a. Since b. While c. As soon as d. When.
10. As soon as you arrive, give me a call.a. Give me a hotline immediately on arrival.b. Wait until I call you khổng lồ arrive.c. I will phone you on my arrival. D. Whenever you điện thoại tư vấn me, I will arrive.11. Lucy always reminds me of my youngest sister. A. My youngest sister's name is Lucy.b. Whenever I see Lucy, I think of my youngest sister.c. It is Lucy who is my youngest sister. D. I always think of Lucy, my youngest sister. 12. By the time we finished our work, Peter had already gone home.a. Peter did not go home until we finished our work. B. As soon as we finished our work, we would go trang chủ with Peter.c. We finished our work before Peter went home.d. Peter had gone home before we finished our work.13. It has been years since I last ate fish. A. I have not eaten fish for years. B. For many years, I have eaten only fish. C. I like eating fish for years. D. It is fish that I have eaten for many years.14. It will not be long until he is at the meeting. A. It will take him a long time to lớn attend the meeting. B. He will be at the meeting soon. C. The meeting will last for a long time. D. He has been at the meeting for a long time.1. I have been learning English _______ I was twenty years old.a. Since b. As soon as c. While d. Till2. _______, can you tell him that I have a book for him, please?a. When you will see Jason b. When will you see Jasonc. When bởi you see Jason d. When you see Jason3. Since I _______ to lớn the town, I _______ home.a. Moved / have not returned b. Will move / will not returnedc. Have moved / was not returning d. Move / am not returning4. I'm not leaving _______ I get an apology from you.a. As far as b. No longer than c. After d. Until5. The teacher _______ before we arrived.


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a. Will leave b. Was leaving c. Has left d. Had left6. I flew for the first time last year _______ I went to Brazil.a. As b. Until c. No sooner d. Till7. _______ I realized where I was. A. No sooner I have opened my eyes than b. No sooner have I opened my eyes than c. No sooner I had opened my eyes than d. No sooner had I opened my eyes than8. Mary will have finished all her work _______.a. As soon as her quái vật returned b. Until her quái vật will returnc. By the time her quái nhân returns d. When he-r quái nhân will return9. _______ for my train the morning, I met an old school friend.a. When I had been- waiting b. While I was waitingc. As I will be waiting d. Until I had been waitingPut the correct form of the verb in bracketsI (walk) along Piccadilly when I (realize) that a man with a đen beard,whom I (see) 3 times already that afternoon, (follow) me. I (be) veryannoyed, và at last I (stop) him and (ask) him why he (follow) me. Theman (apologize) và (tell) me he (mistake) me for one of his friend Supply the correct size of the verb in brackets.1,“I just (go) out to lớn get an evening paper.+ “But it (rain).Why you (not wait) till the rain (stop) ?Ôn thi giỏi nghiệp và đh 2011 trằn Đình Thân 2,When I first (come) to this village,it was a quiet place.But since then thepopulation (double) and a lot of leisure facilities (build).3,Goodbye,Diana,I never(forget)you.I (miss)you more than anyone I ever(know) in my life.4,Tell us what happened to you yesterday.I (walk) along Piccadilly when I (realize) that a man with a đen beard,whom I (see) 3 times already that afternoon, (follow) me. I (be) veryannoyed, and at last I (stop) him và (ask) him why he (follow) me. Theman (apologize) & (tell) me he (mistake) me for one of his friend
5, (you, find) the key which you (lose) yesterday? “Yes, I (find) it in thepocket of my other coat”.6,I suppose when I (come) back in two year’s time, they (pull) down allthese old buildings7,Ms Abbott (walk) home from work when she (see) the child (fall) off thebridge8,I (intend) ……… (write) ……… lớn you, but your address escaped me 9,Hi! Paul. What a nice surprise! I (not think) …………. I (run) ………… into you today 10,It is essential that he (arrive) before sixQuestion 2: Rewrite these sentences,beginning as shown.1,John began playing the piano ten years ago. / Johnhas 2,He started investigating the case in 2008. / Hehas 3,I’ve never tasted pheasant before. /This